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"al-tajrib" (experimentalism) in the Moroccan New Novel and the Debate over Legitimacy



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Creatore: El Younssi, Anouar, author Visualizza persona
Titolo: "al-tajrib" (experimentalism) in the Moroccan New Novel and the Debate over Legitimacy
Link to work: "al-tajrib" experimentalism in the Moroccan New Novel and the Debate over Legitimacy Visualizza cluster
Pubblicazione: [University Park, Pennsylvania] : Pennsylvania State University, 2015
Estensione: 1 electronic document.
Tipo formato: computer
Tipo contenuto: text
Tipo supporto: online resource
Genere/Forma: Academic theses
Index term-Uncontrolled: Moroccan Novel
Experimentalism
Arab Experimentalism
Moroccan Avant-Garde
Postcolonial Moroccan Novel
Soggetto non controllato: Moroccan Novel
Experimentalism
Arab Experimentalism
Moroccan Avant-Garde
Postcolonial Moroccan Novel
Termine d'indicizzazione-Occupazione: Moroccan Novel
Experimentalism
Arab Experimentalism
Moroccan Avant-Garde
Postcolonial Moroccan Novel
Restrizioni accesso: Restricted (Penn State Only).
Sommario/riassunto: My dissertation researches the literary phenomenon of al-tajrīb (Arabic for "experimentalism") in the Moroccan novel during the decades following national independence in 1956. Al-tajrīb emerged as an alternative mode to the realist model of Egyptian Nobel laureate Najīb Maḥfūẓ (Naguib Mahfouz) (b. 1911-d. 2006), a model which influenced a number of novelists in Morocco. By contrasting experimental novels by Moroccan littérateurs to the realist model of the classical European novel and the classical Arabic novel, I do not imply that Moroccan and Arab novelistic experimentalism is un-realistic or treat the unreal. At stake in my dissertation is the new definition of "realism" that emerges through the practices and discourses of experimental fiction. Rather than proposing "realism" as a mimetic literary mode based on descriptive prose, what we see instead is a politics of form and a formalization of politics that work through the fusion of multiple narrative voices and layers, a reliance on the technique of fragmentation, the inclusion of a metafictional discourse that interrupts the narrative in order to reflect on the morphology and goal of literary writing, and so forth. As Moroccan novelist-critic Aḥmad al-Madīnī points out, experimental formal features such as the "breaking and interpenetration of [narrative] times [and] the multiplicity of voices" constitute "legitimate attributes to a novelistic world [. . .] a tragic vision" (Qtd. in Abū Ḥamāla 54). In a similar vein, Muḥammad Barrādah, another prominent novelist-critic, notes that the "experimental takeoff" in Moroccan and Arab novelistic writing could be read as "a period of venting and settling of accounts with a handicapped heritage and an inert history" (al-Riwāyah al-ʻArabiyyah, 37-38). Both al-Madīnī and Barrādah highlight the ideological implications of the shift in literary representation brought about by Arab experimentalism. I argue that formal experimentalism retains its tie to reality through political exigency. It is derived from a political need to break with continuous history, which turns experimentalism into a discursive site that probes the question of how we do things differently. It follows that reality, in its cultural and socio-political ramifications, undergirds Moroccan literary experimentalism. Along with novelist-critic Muḥammad Amanṣūr, I maintain that "realism is not in contradiction with experimentalism" (Istrātījiyāt, 168). The notion of realism in this context is not figural representation of plausible worldly coordinates, but the formal, structural, and linguistic invocation of new subject positions that correspond (implicitly and/or discursively) to immediate contemporary political exigency. Al-Madīnī remarks that formal experimentalism has sought to establish "an extra-realistic relationship" with the social, which positions the individual--not his or her environment--in the center (Ru'yat, 157). This new subject position or positioning is indicative of formal experimentalism's endeavors to create new discursive spheres for the treatment of the social and the political, and in so doing Moroccan experimental writings become--or make the claim of being--realist. With the politics of formal experimentalism in mind, two parameters inform this dissertation. Firstly, it argues that experimental writings in Morocco are deeply ingrained in social reality--albeit in their own way--and, therefore, should not be seen as invested in formal experimentation for its own sake. That is, experimentalism has a point of reference in the political and socio-cultural arenas. Secondly, it contends that the phenomenon of al-tajrīb (experimentalism) is weary of trends or modes imported from foreign literatures, and seeks to disentangle Moroccan literary activity from the pressures of influence. Moroccan experimentalism emerged out of a state of anxiety with regard to external influences--either from the Mashriq (the Arab East) or from the West--and has continued to explore ways that would set Moroccan literature (especially in the terrain of the novel) on a path towards more autonomy and specificity.
Requisiti sistema: The full text of the dissertation is available as an Adobe Acrobat .pdf file ; Adobe Acrobat Reader required to view the file.
Formato: Risorse elettroniche
Livello bibliografico Monografia
Lingua di pubblicazione: Inglese
Record Nr.: etd00000001752
Localizzazioni e accesso elettronico https://etda.libraries.psu.edu/paper/27249
Lo trovi qui: Pennsylvania State University